Agricultural Genomics and Cereal Genomics

The innovation in agricultural genomics will continue its contribution in sustainable productivity and offers solution to challenges in facing global population. Functional genomics in the field of agriculture helps us to understand the relationship between phenotype and genotype of plants in global scale. The increase of investment in agriculture is mainly due to the use of nitrogen fertilizer because it directly affects yield as a large amount of nitrogen is being wasted up and not absorbed by the plants. Improving efficiency of nitrogen usage by genetic improvement is necessary for the agriculturaldevelopment. Agricultural genomics involves various types of breeding techniques like Marker-Assisted breeding, Conventional Breeding etc. to improve the yield of crops.

Cereals or crops belongs to monocot family and are cultivated globally as they provide huge amount of energy, therefore it is known as staple crops. Development and use of all kinds of molecular markers use and construction of molecular maps, study of population genetics and domestication of cereals using tools of genomics research. The gene expression databases play a vital role in extracting, organizing and interpreting information and build a connection between the genotype and phenotype of plants.